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Periodontal disease
Most people are familiar with the gum disease known as periodontal disease. Dentists distinguish between periodontitis and periodontal disease. Both can lead to tooth loss when left untreated.

• Periodontal disease: Non-bacterial dental bone loss
• Periodontitis: Bacterial infection of the gums

Bacterial gum disease (periodontitis) is much more common. It is well-known that periodontitis can have an affect on other diseases. Below is an incomplete list of these diseases:

• Hypertension
• Risk for heart attack
• Atheriosclerosis
• Infections of the blood, Sepsis
• Increased risk for cancer
• Pneumonia
• Brain abscesses
• Premature birth
• Diabetes
• rheumatism
• Artritis

When attempting to identify the cause of gum inflammation, it is important to perform a differential diagnosis to determine whether the inflammation is due to bacteria in the gingival pockets ,toxins form the teeth or a reaction to foreign material.
The diagnosing doctor should measure for gingival pockets and tooth mobility, noting any papillary bleeding and plaque. Dental concrements (dark-colored deposits usually found underneath tartar at the dental root) should be considered as a potential cause for patients in the advanced stages of gum disease. Abrasion facets are an early indication of pathological load distribution, which can lead to bone loss.